Fonds SC097 - Factory 77 fonds

Identity area

Reference code

CA ON00012 SC097


Factory 77 fonds


  • 1976-1999, predominant 1976-1982 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

36 cm of textual records and graphic material 31 photographs 2 posters

Context area

Name of creator

(1976 - 1982)

Administrative history

Factory 77, initially known as Galerie Scollard, was a Toronto artist-run gallery focused on art education which operated between 1976 and 1982. Galerie Scollard was established in Toronto in 1976 as a non- profit charitable organization by Dushka Arezina, a Yugoslavian emigrée, artist, and art historian. It was coined a “centre for education in vision” and was located on Scollard Street in Toronto. The gallery was operated by a Board of Directors of which Harvey Cowan was the chairperson and Kenneth Lund the president. Dushka Arezina sat on the Board of Directors as treasurer and was also the gallery’s executive director. Galerie Scollard ceased opera tions under that name in 1978 and was re-established as Factory 77 in November 1978 upon moving into a former carpet factory at 77 Mowat Ave. in Toronto’s Parkdale area. Factory 77’s operations were overseen by Arezina and a Board of Directors chaired by Lund, a Toronto lawyer. It aimed to present a broad view of contemporary visual arts by exhibiting established artists together with emerging ones. In the years between 1978 and 1982, the gallery mounted more than 13 exhibitions per year, featuring prominent Canadian artists such as Mary and Christopher Pratt, Lynn Do noghue, and Ken Danby. The gallery also placed significant emphasis on exhibitions by Eastern European artists such as Jiri Ladocha. The gallery aimed to foster student participation through exhibits of student and youth work, and placed significant focus on art education and appreciation outreach programs in elementary and secondary schools in the Toronto area. Due to financial and administrative difficulties, Factory 77 ceased operations permanently in February 1982.

Archival history

Fonds was received from Kenneth Lund in 2004.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Records were donated to the Art Gallery of Ontario by Kenneth Lund in 2004.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Fonds consists of the administrative records of Galerie Scollard and Factory 77 accumulated by Kenneth Lund. Also includes records kept by Lund related to his involvement with arts organizations and Eastern Canada artists and galleries. Fonds is comprised of the following series: 1. Galerie Scollard/Factory 77 records 2. Kenneth Lund’s files

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


No further accruals are expected.

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Open. Access to Special Collections is by appointment only. Please contact the reference desk for more information.

Conditions governing reproduction

Various copyright holders. It is the researcher’s responsibility to obtain permission to publish any part of the fonds.

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Script of material

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Finding aids

A finding aid is available for this fonds.

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Notes area


Material comprising this fonds was received in boxes with files in no discernible order. The only apparent filing distinction was made in regard to Kenneth Lund’s personal art-related materials, which have been arranged by the archivist as a distinct series. Many files contain intermixed Galerie Scollard and Factory 77 materials. The fonds has been arranged by the archivist following the original order of the creator, with original file distinctions retained.


Fonds formerly included numerous files of ephemera and other material related to local, national, and international art exhibits and galleries which have been removed to Library ephemera files. Gallery files included Open Studio, Libby’s, and Station Gallery.

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